After World War II, many eastern European countries suffered significant physical damage and their economies were left in a poor state. There was a need to reconstruct cities. In socialist countries central planning was led by the USSR, which controlled all industrial and retail finances for the vast Soviet Union. The main concept was designing spaces according to communist ideology— removing social inequalities and uniting different groups of people under one roof. Simultaneously, the buildings constructed during the period had to wear a Utopian mask—distinctly monumental—the regime had to demonstrate superiority over capitalism. In the late 1980s eastern European countries, one by one, began to free themselves from the influence of USSR and embark on their own paths of democratic prosperity. Socialist ideology soon became a part of history, the cold war ended and the iron curtain had fallen. Though the doctrine changed rapidly, the architecture remained—leaving behind buildings and squares which still hold the spirit of communist propaganda and Ideology.

Utopia